Herbology Hunt for October - extra information

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calluna dark pink

Heather (Calluna vulgaris)

Found in Cheshire

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calluna pale

Heather (Calluna vulgaris)

Paler colour also found in Cheshire

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erica cinerea whole

Bell Heather (Erica cinerea)

Found in North Wales

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erica cinerea close

Bell Heather close-up (Erica cinerea)

Found in North Wales

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erica tetralix whole

Cross-leaved Heath close-up (Erica tetralix)

Found in North Wales

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erica tetralix close

Cross-leaved Heath close-up (Erica tetralix)

Found in North Wales

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Heather

Heather

Bell Heather

Bell Heather

Cross-leaved Heath

Cross-leaved Heath

Heather or Ling as it is also called, is one kind of Heather. This is the one to try to find in the October Herbology hunt. There are other kinds as well. They often grow next to each other. The photographs show the difference between them. Heather can sometimes be white. You can find it in rocky places and in hills.

Bell Heather is usually deep purple and flowers earlier in the year than ordinary Heather. You can see the flowers are bell shaped. Bell Heather can sometimes be white.

Cross-leaved Heath is also a kind of heather. It has pale pink bells and usually grows in wet places. Cross-leaved Heath can sometimes be white.




geranium robertianum pink

Herb Robert (Geranium robertianum)

Found in Cheshire

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geranium robertianum white

Herb Robert (Geranium robertianum)

Found in Cheshire

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geranium robertianum whole

Herb Robert (Geranium robertianum)

Found in Cheshire

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Herb Robert

Herb Robert

Herb Robert

Herb Robert has feathery leaves which smell very strong when crushed between your fingers. Crush some and sniff it. You won't forget the smell. It is nearly always pink but you can find white flowers sometimes. It can be found almost anywhere from flowerbeds to roadside verges and on the cracks in pavements




Rubus armeniacus

Blackberry (Rubus armeniacus)

Found in London

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Rubus caesius

Bramble or Blackberry bush (Rubus caesius)

Found in Anglesey

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Rubus fruticosus

Bramble or Blackberry bush (Rubus sp.)

Found in Cheshire

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Rubus rivingtoniensis

Bramble or Blackberry bush (Rubus rivingtoniensis)

Found in Rivington, Bolton

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Rubus tuberculatus

Bramble or Blackberry bush (Rubus tuberculatus)

Found near Bolton

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Rubus ulmifolius

Bramble or Blackberry bush (Rubus ulmifolius)

Found in Sussex

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Bramble

Bramble

Bramble

Bramble

Bramble

Bramble

Brambles are very variable. Some have big flowers others have small ones with well separated petals. Some have white petals others have pink petals. They are all Brambles though. These photos show the range of flower shapes. The Latin names are very hard to determine so most botanists, even very good ones, call them all Brambles and the Latin name Rubus fruticosus or just Rubus sp. The other common English name for Bramble is Blackberry. Brambles will grow almost anywhere and are a common weed in gardens. Some are very prickly indeed.




Hypochaeris radicata

Cat's-ear (Hypochaeris rdaicata)

Found in Cheshire

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Hypochaeris radicata whole

Cat's-ear (Hypochaeris rdaicata)

Found in Cheshire

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Hypochaeris radicata leaves

Cat's-ear (Hypochaeris rdaicata)

Found in Cheshire

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Hypochaeris radicata llandudno

Cat's-ear (Hypochaeris rdaicata)

Found in North Wales

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Tarax whole

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

Found in Cheshire

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Tarax close

Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)

Found in Cheshire

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Cat's-ear

Cat's-ear

Cat's-ear

Cat's-ear

Dandelion

Dandelion

Cat's-ear has yellow flowers on the end of quite long flower stalks which have no leaves sticking out. All the leaves are at the botttom near the ground. The leaves always have rough hairs on them. They are supposed to look like a furry cat's ear. A Cat's-ear can sometimes be confused with a Dandelion. Both are common. Dandelions have smooth leaves with sharp teeth. Cat's-ear will grow almost anywhere but is often found in grass in your lawn or on roadside verges.




Prunella vulgaris close

Self-heal (Prunella vulgaris)

Found in Cheshire

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Prunella vulgaris whole

Bramble or Blackberry bush (Rubus caesius)

Found in Anglesey

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Selfheal

Selfheal

Selfheal nearly always has blue flowers but very occasionally white ones. It grows in flower beds and lawns and has good roots so is difficult to weed from the garden. In the old days it was used in herbal medicine to heal wounds and stop bleeding.

Added on 10th November 2018